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Unpacking Canada's Clean Economy Tax Credit

In the wake of global economic shifts and the urgent need to address climate change, Canada has embarked on a bold journey to upgrade its economy. Central to this transformation is the 2023 Budget, which lays the groundwork for a sustainable future characterized by affordable energy, robust job creation, and a thriving clean economy. At the heart of this transition is a 21st-century-must-have initiative: the Clean Economy Tax Credit.



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A Leap Towards a Sustainable Future

Recognizing the global momentum towards combating climate change and transitioning to net-zero industries, Canada's Budget 2023 stands as a cornerstone for change. The plan is not just an environmental strategy; it's an economic one, promising to create numerous middle-class jobs, power everyday lives, and offer affordable energy solutions to millions of Canadian homes​​.


The Clean Economy Tax Credit: A Catalyst for Change

The Clean Economy Tax Credit emerges as a key instrument in this initiative. It encompasses a suite of investment tax credits, strategic financing, and targeted investments, tailored to meet the unique needs of various sectors and significant national projects​​.


Diverse Facets of the Tax Credit:

  1. Clean Electricity Investment Tax Credit: Up to 15% refundable tax credit for investments in non-emitting electricity generation systems and related infrastructure. This credit extends to Crown corporations, publicly owned utilities, Indigenous community-owned corporations, and pension funds​​.

  2. Clean Technology Manufacturing Investment Tax Credit: Up to 30% refundable tax credit for investments in machinery and equipment essential for manufacturing and processing key clean technologies and critical minerals​​.

  3. Clean Hydrogen Investment Tax Credit: Offering varying support levels up to 40% of eligible project costs, this credit is designed to back the cleanest hydrogen production projects​​.

  4. Enhanced Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage Investment Tax Credit: This credit now includes additional equipment and is available for dedicated geological storage projects in British Columbia, capturing CO2 emissions for storage or industrial use​​.

  • Up to 60% for Qualified Carbon Capture Expenditures related to capturing carbon directly from ambient air.

  • Up to 50% for Qualified Carbon Capture Expenditures for carbon capture methods other than from ambient air.

  • Up to 37.5% for Qualified Carbon Transportation Expenditures, Qualified Carbon Storage Expenditures, and Qualified Carbon Use Expenditures.

  1. Expanded Eligibility for the Clean Technology Investment Tax Credit: Newly including geothermal energy systems, this credit furthers Canada's commitment to the burgeoning clean technology sector​​.

Strengthening the Backbone of Canada's Clean Electricity

Beyond these tax credits, the plan commits to long-term investments aimed at achieving net-zero emissions by 2050. This includes substantial financing through the Canada Infrastructure Bank and targeted electricity programs to ensure the completion of critical projects. Notably, the Atlantic Loop project aims to interconnect Quebec, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia with clean electricity transmission lines, slated for completion by 2030​​.


A Growing Clean Economy: The Broader Perspective

The Canada Growth Fund, a $15 billion public investment vehicle introduced in Budget 2022, aims to attract private capital for clean economy projects. This initiative includes innovative tools like contracts for difference to backstop future prices of carbon or hydrogen, fostering investment certainty​​.


Moreover, Budget 2023 extends reduced corporate income tax rates for zero-emission technology manufacturers, further incentivizing investment in this vital sector. Additionally, $500 million is allocated over ten years to the Strategic Innovation Fund to support clean technology development​​.


Empowering Workers in the Clean Economy

A notable aspect of this plan is its emphasis on fair labor practices. To qualify for the highest tax credit rates under the Clean Technology and Clean Hydrogen Investment Tax Credits, businesses must offer prevailing wages and ensure that at least ten percent of tradesperson hours are performed by registered apprentices in the Red Seal trades​​.


The Current Development

The current development of Canada's Clean Economy Tax Credit reflects a significant commitment to environmental sustainability and economic growth. Here's a comprehensive overview based on the latest information:


  1. Overall Progress and Impact: Canada's clean economy initiative is yielding tangible results. Over the past three years, over 90 clean growth projects, cumulatively valued at more than $40 billion, are underway or soon to start construction across Canada. These projects are drawing significant investments, creating numerous jobs, and placing Canada as a leading destination for foreign direct investment in clean technologies. The OECD ranks Canada third globally for the most foreign direct investment in the first half of 2023. This is indicative of Canada's robust resources, including critical minerals, and a strong talent pool supported by progressive social programs​​.

  2. Implementation of Investment Tax Credits: The Canadian government is actively working to implement the new clean economy investment tax credits. These include credits for carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS); clean technology; clean hydrogen; clean technology manufacturing; and clean electricity. The implementation timelines for these credits vary, with some expected to be available as early as January 1, 2022, for CCUS, and others, like the clean electricity credit, being introduced in the fall of 2024. These credits are designed to incentivize investments in these critical areas of the clean economy​​.

  3. The Role of the Canada Growth Fund: The Canada Growth Fund, a $15 billion public investment vehicle, began operations in summer 2023. It focuses on de-risking and bolstering private investment in low-carbon projects and technologies. The fund has already commenced its investment activities, with its first significant investment being a $90 million commitment to Eavor Technologies Inc., a geothermal energy company. This move is part of a broader strategy to foster growth in sectors like carbon capture, utilization, and storage; hydrogen; biofuels; and critical minerals​​.

These developments highlight Canada's proactive approach towards building a sustainable economy. The government's focus on providing investment tax credits and establishing the Canada Growth Fund demonstrates a clear commitment to fostering innovation and growth in clean technologies. This approach is not only environmentally responsible but also aims to create economic opportunities and jobs, securing Canada's position as a leader in the global clean economy.


A Vision for Canada's Future 

The Clean Economy Tax Credit represents more than a fiscal policy; it is a vision for a sustainable, prosperous Canada. By incentivizing investments in clean technologies, enhancing infrastructure, and focusing on labor equity, Canada sets a precedent for a balanced approach to economic growth and environmental stewardship.


As the world races towards a greener future, Canada's Clean Economy Tax Credit stands as a testament to the nation's commitment to lead the charge. It's an initiative that promises not only to redefine Canada's energy landscape but also to sculpt a resilient economy capable of withstanding the challenges of the 21st century.

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